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BranchOut! Human Minds: A Crowd Full of Bystanders- The Bystander Effect and Pluralistic Ignorance

On the night of March 13th, 1964 in Queens, New York, Catherine Susan “Kitty” Genovese was murdered by Winston Moseley. Many residents around the area heard the hour-long attack, but no one came to help or even called the police. This case sounds more like a scene from a movie rather than an actual event. How can someone, let alone a whole neighborhood, ignore the cries of a murder victim? Unsurprisingly, this case caught the attention of city dwellers, crime investigators, and psychologists. Why did such a horrible yet preventable event occur? To find an explanation, Latané and Darley, two social psychologists, led an investigation and called this phenomenon the “bystander effect.” As time

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